INSTALLATION FOR DRYING RAW MATERIALS OF VEGETABLE ORIGIN
Ключевые слова:drying plant, analytical dependence, empirical dependence, stem agricultural products
The production of fruits and berries in the Republic of Kazakhstan is almost two times lower than the global consumption norms. The actual consumption of these crops in different years varied depending on the ratio of exports and imports, but it was always below the consumption norms. In most cases, this can be explained by their complexity in the technology of storing the resulting crop. At present, in connection with the transition to small-scale farms and agricultural firms, it becomes economically feasible for commodity producers to store and process fruits and vegetables directly on their farms. This makes it possible to solve many issues of logistics and management, to carry out the processing of products and their trade in the most favorable conditions, the formation of a certain conjuncture and pricing policy. The drying in the process of harvesting raw materials is of great importance, and the observance of proper storage conditions for dried products. However, the installation that is used for drying plants in the existing production structures does not currently meet the necessary requirements. The introduction of new technologies and techniques is the most important way to increase the efficiency of drying units and improve the quality of the processed material. The creation of a plant for drying stem agricultural products and the rationale for its main parameters is described in this article. The purpose of creating such a device and substantiating its parameters was that during natural drying, the products dry unevenly, as a result of which some parts of the product dry out, and some parts rot without completely drying out.