PROBLEMS OF TRANSPORTATION OF HIGH-PARAFFIN OIL AND WAYS TO SOLVE THEM
Ключевые слова:oil pipeline, pipelines, equipment, petroleum products, paraffin
The article discusses the issues of transportation of high-purity oil and ways to solve them. The analysis of the state of transportation of paraffin oil from Kazakhstan's fields conducted by the author’s shows that the transportation of highly paraffin oil through existing oil pipelines is quite an urgent problem for companies engaged in the transportation of hydrocarbon raw materials. Due to the significant content of paraffin’s in pipeline transport, oil heating points are installed along the route every 50 or 100 km, depending on the viscosity of the transported oil. The use of thermal methods is currently limited due to environmental and a number of other reasons. Currently, thermal methods are being replaced by chemical methods of combating paraffin deposits. Based on the analysis, the authors propose new reagents based on tar distillation of fatty acids, soap stocks and polyolefin to obtain valuable chemical compositions during transportation of paraffin oil through trunk pipelines.